The 70th Anniversary of Nationalisation
2017 marks 70 years since the nationalisation of the UK’s coal industry and the creation of the National Coal Board. This was a watershed moment with a significant impact and long lasting legacy on the UK and Scotland.
NMMS volunteer, Calum O’Fee, has been conducting research into the subject during 2017 and has produced the following essay and artworks based on his findings.
Read Calum’s essay here.
Keir Hardie, founder of the Independent Labour Party and an early advocate of Nationalisation at a time when rival mine owning companies competed with each other.
In 1947 the National Coal Board inherited the mining industry. They struggled with limited finances to manage the thousands of facilities they now owned.
The mining industry in the 60’s declined due to competition from new fuel sources like nuclear power and cheaper coal from abroad.
During the 1980’s and 1990’s the industry declined further as more pits were closed down. Scotland’s last deep mine, Longannet, was closed in 2002 due to flooding.